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Question by : A question about the Dirty War in Argentina?
When the Dirty War in Argentina ended, what happened to the people who were responsible for it happening? Were all of them punished?
Answer by itachi uchiha
Washington D.C. : The National Security Archive and its partner NGO, the Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS), today praised the State Department’s declassification of more than 4,600 previously secret U.S. documents on human rights violations under the 1976-83 military dictatorship in Argentina. “The documents provide clues to the fate of ‘disappeared’ citizens in Argentina by an unchecked security apparatus, and tell the story of a massive and indiscriminate counterinsurgency campaign carried out by the military dictatorship targeting real or imagined subversives including thousands of labor leaders, workers, clergymen, human rights advocates, scientists, doctors, and political party leaders” said Carlos Osorio, director of the National Security Archive’s Argentina Documentation Project.The special declassification, initiated by the Clinton Administration and completed by the Bush administration, has yielded hundreds of cables, memoranda of conversations, reports and notes between the State Department and the U.S. Embassy in Buenos Aires, that help clarify a handful of cases of disappearances. “They are a clear contribution to families seeking information about their missing relatives and to Judges seeking to make the military accountable for past abuses,” Osorio added.On July 10, 2002, Argentine Judge Claudio Bonadio charged former President Galtieri along with 30 other military officers for the disappearance of a dozen Montonero subversives in 1980, among them Horacio Campiglia and Susana Binstock. The documents provide new information on several issues:The abduction of Horacio Campiglia and Susana Binstock by Argentine intelligence with Brazilian collaboration in Brazil, their detention and disappearance from the Campo de Mayo detention center, as well as hints on the fate of dozens of other disappeared people captured by the military in 1979 and 1980;Clarification of a handful of cases of disappeared people and useful information on others;Structure and modus operandi of the security and intelligence apparatus involved in the disappearances in 1979 and 1980 – chain of command of military intelligence Battalion 601 and the joint operations center known as Reunion Central leading up to the then Army commander in chief Leopoldo Galtieri;Torture in detention centers and assassinations and disappearances as a counterinsurgency policy of government forces;The cooperation between intelligence and security forces of Argentina and Brazil in illegal cross border detentions as well as with other Southern Cone intelligence services, mainly Uruguay and Chile, under Operation Condor in the mid 1970′s;The spill over of counterinsurgency operations of Argentina’s intelligence and security units into neighboring Bolivia, Peru and Brazil, as well as Spain in the early 1980′s;The meticulous documentation by the U.S. Embassy’s human rights team of nearly 10,000 human rights violations – most of them disappeared.”The State Department below Secretary Powell – and previously nether Secretary Albright – deserves existent credit for this historic human rights declassification,” remarked Thomas S. Blanton, director of the National Security Archive. “The foreign service officers who documented human rights abuses at the time, often to the discomfort of their bosses, and the retirees and staff who did the work to make these documents public, all deserve our thanks.” Victor Abramovich, director of CELS, aforesaid that the recent human rights charges from the “dirty war” period against Galtieri made the State Department declassification even more urgent: “The documents will help clarify this case of great public importance, as well as the whole period of military rule.”"This release proves once again that long secret U.S. documents constitute a powerful historical and judicial tool to redress the atrocities of the past in Latin America,” said Archive senior analyst Peter Kornbluh. He and Osorio called on the Central Intelligence Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency and other national security agencies to dawdle the State Department lead on declassifying their records relating to human rights abuses.Since 1999, dozens of victims and relatives, human rights organizations, judges and US congress people have asked the U.S. for documents on violations in the Southern Cone during the decade from 1975-85. Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright ordered the collection, review and declassification of U.S. records on Argentina following an August 16, 2000 meeting in Buenos Aires with leaders of the Grandmothers and Mothers of Plaza de Mayo, and with the Argentine human rights organization, the Centro de Estudios Sociales y Legales (CELS). In November 2000, the Department of State announced the declassification effort on documents pertaining to “Operation Condor; disappearances and child kidnapping in Argentina from 1976-83.” State Department officials asked the CIA and Pentagon to participate by r
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